• What is a good research reference source?

    1. A good source usually has an author.
    2. A good source is unbiased.
    3. When using the internet, remember that the better sites will likely end in “.edu” or “.gov”.
    4. A good source has been published/peer reviewed.
    5. A good source is either of a time period (historical) or up to date (contemporary).
    6. A good source does not push an agenda.

    How do I recognize a scholarly article?

    1. It is peer reviewed.
    2. It refers to the work of scholars in the field with both parenthetical citations and a work cited/ references page.
    3. It names the author and his or her credentials (educational and/or occupational background)
    4. It uses academic or technical language.

    What is the difference between quoting and paraphrasing?

    A quoting is when you use the exact words from the source in your text. Quotes should be placed with quotation marks and offset with a proper introduction. Paraphrasing is taking someone’s idea and putting it in your own words. This does not mean simply replacing one or two words (this is plagiarism); proper paraphrasing changes sentence structure, style, and word choice. Instances of both paraphrasing and quoting should be sited!

    How do I introduce a quote?

    Introducing a quote is important because it clues your reader in to where you are in the scholarly conversation. Think of how puzzled you are when you are following along with a speaker and he or she throws in a random and seemingly unrelated fact; even if they explain the relevance of this fact at some point later in the conversation, that moment of confusion is uncomfortable. Don’t do this to you reader.
    Some good introductory phrases are:

    X  has pointed out…

    According to X…

    X has made it clear that…

    X insists that…

    Although X says…,

    X explains…

    X, a doctor of radiology from Harvard, says…

    X says, suggests, states, or writes…

    How do I cite something inside my paper?

    Whenever you use information that is not your own within your paper, you must include an in-text, or parenthetical, citation. An in-text citation must be used when paraphrasing, commenting on, quoting, or referencing any information from an outside source. Your citation should come right after the referenced information and before the period at the end of the sentence.
    The basic formats are as follows:
    (Smith 43)- One author with page numbers
    (Gardening)- First key word of title- No author, no page numbers (websites)
    (Smith)- One author with no page numbers
    (Smith and Jones 43)- Two authors with page numbers
    (Smith et al. 43)- More than two authors with page numbers

    What in-text citation would I use if I have already used the author’s name to introduce a quote?

    If you have already referenced the author’s name, all you need to include in the in-text citation is the page number.
    For instance:
    According to Pulitzer Prize winning author Dr. Jakki Day, “The key to strong writing is a strong story” (57).

    How does the in-text citation relate to an entry on my Works Cited Page?

    The in-text citation should provide a DIRECT reference to an entry on your Works Cited page. If you do not have an in-text citation for a source, it should not appear on your Works Cited page, and no source should be listed on your Works Cited page that was not referenced in your paper. Simply put, if you did not cite a work in your paper (in-text citation), it cannot appear on your Works Cited page.
    These citations are linked so that your reader can find the sources for certain information on their own.
    For instance:
    Horses are a fantastic pet for teenaged children because they help develop responsibility, communication and health (Smith 43).
    As your reader I want to know what else Mr. Smith has to say, so I go to your Works Cited page to find out what source I should go to in order to get more information. Because your in-text and Work’s Cited citations match, I should be able to easily find a citation on your Works Cited page to help me do this.
    Smith, John. Horses are Nifty. Memphis: Hall, 2003. Print.
    Because you have properly cited your information, I can now go to the page in the book you used and find out more about this information on my own.

    How do I cite an article found on Wikipedia?

    You don’t. Although Wikipedia is a good place to do some “presearch”, familiarize yourself with a topic, and get some keywords for more scholarly research, it is not a strong enough source to be listed inside of the paper. However, the bottoms of many Wikipedia entries contain links to great articles that may be more appropriate for scholarly research. Use Wikipedia as a starting place, but leave the scholarly references to more heavy hitting reputable sources!

    What goes on my Works Cited page; how should it look?

    Your Works Cited page is a listing of every source you used and cited within your paper. Note, just because you read it in your research does not mean it should be included on your Works Cited page. ONLY sources directly referenced in your paper can be included.
    These sources should be listed in alphabetical order and formatted properly.
    Description: http://www.roanestate.edu/owl/images/works-cited-example.gif

    How can I avoid delays in getting my paper approved?

    • Triple check your title and abstract pages for misspellings and for correct grammar.
    • Make certain that the name of your degree is properly listed on the title and abstract pages.
    • Make certain all of the items that are cited in your text appear in the Reference list.
    • Use the correct format for references to electronic materials.
    • Follow the format for the abstract exactly as it appears in the template. Include the descriptors below each line, e.g. below the line on which your name appears, include the following (Author) (Last Name) (First Name)

    How do I submit my research project?
    All research papers are submitted electronically to add email address
    Can I download and print articles?
    Absolutely! If you download articles in post script format, you will need access to a post script printer.
    Some situations may arise where the file downloads are visible on screen but do not print or display in print preview.
    A couple of things to try are:
    1) If the PDF is displaying inside the browser window there should be an option to click the little printer icon which appears in a row of Acrobat specific icons underneath the usual browser buttons. Try this instead of File and Print.
    2) In Acrobat > Edit > Preferences > Options, there should be an option to check a box "Display PDF in browser". Try unchecking this and then try again.

    Can I save articles to a disk or my destop to use later?
    Yes. If the article you want to save is in PDF format, just click the "Save it" button rather than the "Open" button, then you can save the file eg to your a: drive. PDF file sizes can sometimes be quite large.